Periodontal treatments or procedures are routinely done at Modern Dentistry in San Diego. Not taking good care of our dental hygiene predisposes us to gingivitis and periodontal disease. Gingivitis is inflammation of the gums that can also be referred to as the gingival. When this isn’t treated, it can progress to periodontal disease where it affects structures surrounding the tooth.
The presence of build-ups called plaque and tartar predisposes both conditions. These are collections of bacteria that can cause infection and inflammation. You can lower your risk of gingivitis and periodontal disease by brushing and flossing. We also advise our patients at Modern Dentistry to keep up with their checkups so we can remove plaque and tartar from their teeth.
We perform scaling and root planning to remove build-up from teeth. In scaling, we clean away the tartar from above and below the gum line. There are aggregates of bacteria that can form at the root of the tooth. Root planing is done to get rid of these aggregates and hard collections.
Medications can be combined with these minor procedures for better results. We often prefer adding antibiotics to treatment regimens. Antibiotics can be given orally or in the form of a gel. Antiseptic chips can also be used.
Scaling and root planning aren’t always enough. Patients with deep pockets will need simple surgery called flap surgery. In flap surgery, we elevate the gums so we can remove tartar underneath it then suture the gums back in place. Don’t worry; your gums will heal in a short period.
Bone and tissue grafts are done when there’s significant tissue loss. Natural or synthetic bones can be used as bone grafts. Synthetic tissue can be used for tissue grafts, or we can obtain tissue from other areas of your mouth. Growth and healing can be stimulated by growth factors.
The key is to prevent periodontal disease from happening. If it does happen, it should be dealt with as soon as possible. Postponing treatment could mean requiring surgery in the form of flaps and grafts.